Possibly the most important lesson we have learned after 60 years of AI research is that what seemed to be very difficult to achieve, such as accurate medical diagnosis to playing chess at the level of a Grand Master, turned out to be relatively easy whereas what seemed easy, such as visual object recognition or deep language understanding, turned out to be extremely difficult. In my talk I will try to explain the reasons for this apparent contradiction by briefly reviewing the past and present of AI and projecting it into the near future.
Ramon Lopez de Mantaras is Research Professor of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) and Director of the Artificial Intelligence Research Institute of the CSIC. Technical Engineer EE (Electrical Engineering) from the Technical Engineering School of Mondragón (Spain) in 1973. Master of Sciences in Automatic Control from the University of Toulouse III (France) in 1974, Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Toulouse III (France), in 1977, with a thesis in Robotics (done at LAAS, CNRS). Master of Science in Engineering (ComputerScience) from the University of California at Berkeley (USA) in 1979. Ph.D. in Computer Science, from the Technical University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain) in 1981.